Conservative dentistry in Croatia

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About conservative dentistry

Conservative dentistryThe main aims of conservative dentistry are treatment and repair of natural teeth, root canals, fillings and removal of dental tartar. The main goal are nice looking, healthy and functional teeth. This specific type of dentistry includes procedures such as caries treatment, tooth fillings, as well as inlay and onlay replacements.


Caries – formation and treatment

Dental cariesDental caries is the most widespread periodontal disease. It is caused by the bacteria formed in the oral cavity following the intake of food rich in carbohydrates. The bacteria have a beneficial role in the process of saccharides, fructose and glucose decomposition at the point of which acids that decrease the pH levels are produced in the mouth. Should the pH levels drop below 5.5, the acids start eroding the dental enamel which eventually leads to the appearance of caries.

The application of fluorides can eliminate smaller caries clusters, while the larger ones have to be mechanically treated. Following the removal of caries it is necessary to protect the damaged part of the affected tooth in order to prevent further enamel deterioration. Our dentists will advise you on the best protective procedures after a damage assessment.

Our satisfied patient with Marko Vukic, DDSI assure you that I have received a type of treatment I almost forgot it existed. I was captivated by the centre's hospitality, kindness and professionality. I will always stay faithful to Studio Vukic.
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What is a filling and when is it used

FillingsFillings are composite materials used in order to seal the damage in the tooth enamel due to caries or tooth deterioration. The modern dentistry applies ceramic fillings which are of a higher quality, more durable and less harmful than the outdated amalgam fillings. Besides, they have a much higher aesthetic value. Fillings are used following a detailed cleaning of the affected tooth in order to fix the damage in the dental enamel and to prevent further deterioration of the dental enamel and pulp.

Inlays and onlays

Inlay and onlay replacementsInlay and onlay replacements are very similar to fillings. The main difference is that they are made in the dental lab according to the imprint of the prepared arch. They are made from composite materials, such as ceramics, and serve as replacements for the part of the damaged or decayed tooth. Inlays are used to replace the upper surface of the dental crown, while onlays replace upper and side dental surfaces. They are a better and a longer-lasting solution than larger fillings. Furthermore, they require removing less healthy tissue from the remaining healthy tooth than classical dental crowns.


Marko Vukic, DDS

Marko Vukic, DDS

Dr. Marko Vukic is an excellent expert in the filed of prosthetics, endodontics and conservative dentistry. His longtime experience in working with patients from all around Europe makes him the best counselor for your problem. Feel free to ask dr. Vukic all your questions concerning dentistry or arrival to Dental Studio Vukic!


Tartar - why it should be removed regularly?

Tartar removalTartar is a fertile ground for development of caries and periodontal disease, and it is necessary to remove it regularly in order to keep teeth healthy and beautiful. If the teeth are not cleaned regularly, consuming food and drinking can buildup plaque on your teeth. In combination with mineral salts from the saliva plaque will become thicker and stronger, and the retention of microorganisms in these sediments can cause damage to the enamel and the development of various periodontal diseases.

Regular removal of plaque formation should be performed several times a year to keep your teeth healthy and beautiful. There are several methods of tartar removal and your dentist will choose the best one for you in order to maximise the effect.

Frequently asked questions

1. What is the significance of a drop in the pH value level on a tooth?
Carbohydrates ferment in the oral cavity producing a specific kind of acid that is the primary cause of the formation of bacteria that cause dental caries. Since teeth are basically of mineral structure, they are highly sensitive to the increase in the level of acidity. Thus there is a constant process of de- and re-mineralization going on between the teeth and the surrounding saliva. When the pH level on the surface of teeth drops below 5,5 the de-mineralization part of the process becomes quicker than the re-mineralization one.

2. What is the difference between the “white” and the “gray” (black) filling?
The basic difference is in material and aesthetic value. Gray or amalgam filling is made of metal and its color makes it aesthetically unacceptable in the modern dentistry. Furthermore, it has been proved that it is bad for health given the fact that it contains mercury. The white filling is completely made of ceramics and is aesthetically acceptable. Although it is not as durable as the amalgam one, it poses no health risk.

3. What is inlay?
Inlay is a dental replacement mainly made of ceramics which is used to repair caries caused teeth damage. Should the damage be of a larger scale and not suitable for the use of a filling, but at the same time too small to fit in a crown, inlay is the best possible solution for the upper crown surface.

4. What is onlay?
Onlay is a dental replacement mainly made of ceramics which is, just like inlays, used to repair teeth damage. It is a good choice should it be necessary to repair the upper and the side surfaces of a crown since it, unlike ceramic dental crowns, does not require removal of a large quantity of healthy dental tissue.