Fixed prosthetics – in general
Fixed prosthetics includes a whole set of restorative solutions in dentistry. The focus of fixed prosthetics are dental crowns and bridges, which are the most common fixed solutions, when it comes to restoration of one or more lost teeth.
Fixed prosthetics are the best solution for the patient, because of its longivity, and natural teeth feeling. Crowns and bridges can be fixed to patients own drilled teeth, to the posts inserted in the natural tooth root or to dental implants, placed into the jawbone.
- Ceramic dental crowns are the high-end crowns in modern dentistry
- Veneers are thin ceramic covers of teeth color
Dental crowns are the most common prosthetic work in the world, and we use them when our natural teeth are badly damaged and/or aesthetically unacceptable. They can be placed onto natural drilled teeth or placed dental implants in order to close the gap between the teeth as a consequence of natural dental crown loss. If they are placed onto natural drilled teeth, a tooth impression is made and the crown is fabricated in the laboratory according to that impression.
Fabrication of one crown takes a few days, and the patient gets a temporary crown in that period. After the crown is finished its cemented onto the prepared tooth, which ensures a completely natural appearance of the tooth. All our dental crowns are fabricated in our own dental laboratory, which guarantees the best quality and precision. We fabricate crowns out of best materials, and divide them in the following groups:
- non metal crowns or all ceramic crowns – zirconia and e.max
- metal-ceramic crowns – metal base coated with ceramics
Metal-ceramic dental crowns
Metal-ceramic crowns are crowns with a metal base, and the outer visible layer is made of ceramics or porcelain. Base for metal-ceramic crowns is most commonly made out of metal, white gold or titanium, and each of these materials has its unique specific characteristics.
- Metal ceramics – the crown base is made of metal alloy (chrome, cobalt and nickel) and is fully covered with ceramics and the metal is not visible. The main advantage of this material in comparison to other materials is its price, and it is even lighter than white gold.
- White gold ceramics – this biocompatible material is recommended to patients that are allergic to metal. Also, because of its firmness and consistency, it is often used for covering premolars and molars, where strong chewing forces are present. The golden base is fully covered with ceramics.
- Titanium ceramics – titanium is light and high quality material of very good quality, that does not cause any allergic reactions. It is very firm and resistant, with the ability to protect the crown and/or dental bridge from food or aggressive bodily fluids damage. It is also completely covered with ceramics.
A BRIGHT AND BEAUTIFUL SMILE IS GUARANTEED TO YOU BY...
Marko Vukic, DDS
Dr. Marko Vukic is an excellent expert in the filed of prosthetics, endodontics and conservative dentistry. His longtime experience in working with patients from all around Europe makes him the best counselor for your problem. Feel free to ask dr. Vukic all your questions concerning dentistry or arrival to Dental Studio Vukic!
Ceramic dental crowns
Ceramic dental crowns are the top in modern dentistry and are becoming a standard in the last few years, because a lot of attention is paid to aesthetic value of restorative works. Most commonly we use two very good materials giving the best results when the crown is placed onto a natural drilled tooth. Of course, we are talking about zirconia and e.max empress ceramics. Although they are very similar in their properties and price, there are several differences between them:
- Empress or E.max ceramics – is a high quality material for fabrication of all ceramic crowns, which gives excellent aesthetic results because of its transparence, translucency and ability to imitate natural tooth. They are primarily placed on natural drilled teeth during restoration of frontal region. If the drilled teeth are white, this material will give the best results.
- Zirconia – is exceptionally beautiful material of high firmness and biocompatibility, which at the same time gives a natural look of the crown. The material is very translucent and will give excellent results regardless of placement onto natural drilled teeth or implants. Because of its firmness it can be used in frontal region of patient's mouth as well as in the back region and is adequate for bridge fabrication.
Dental bridges replace one or more lost teeth. As their name suggests, dental bridges connect interrupted teeth rows into one whole. The bridge consists of 2 or more crowns placed on existing drilled teeth that serve as anchors.
Bridge anchors can be natural teeth or placed dental implants. Beside aesthetic, the bridge also has its health function, since it prevents recession of the gums and collapsing of the neighboring teeth. Preparation of the tooth for a bridge is similar to the preparation for a single crown.
Inlay and Onlay
When a dental crown is severely damaged because of caries or trauma, and it cannot be restored by a filling, and there is still enough healthy hard tissue, which can be used for restoration, we use inlay or onlay restorations. Depending on the type of damage and the parts of the tooth that is damaged, we choose one of the two ceramic elements.
If the upper tooth surface is damaged we use inlay, whereas for restoration of the upper and side surfaces we use onlay. Inlay and onlay are fabricated in the dental laboratory according to the impression of the prepared tooth. Fabrication takes a few days, and the final fitting takes place in the patient's mouth during placement. This is a perfect solution for restorations of dental crown damages of greater extent than can't be restored by fillings.
Veneers are thin ceramic covers, which are mostly used to minimize the gap between the teeth, for restoration of damaged enamel or discoloration of teeth. Veneers are dental restorations, which primarily have an aesthetic purpose, and can be used only on patients, who have natural and healthy teeth. Patients who are not satisfied with the appearance and the color of their natural teeth mostly opt for veneers.
These thin ceramic elements are very similar to artificial nails and are used only to cover the front part of the tooth. They are suitable for aesthetic teeth restoration in the frontal region, and their placement requires drilling of the front part of the teeth and removal of 0,5mm enamel layer. After it, veneers get permanently cemented onto teeth. Veneers are responsible for a so called Hollywood smile.